USE OF SABBATICAL LEAVE POLICY BY PENNSYLVANIA SCHOOL DISTRICTS
This study attempted to analyze the legal status of sabbatical leaves in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, to assess their financial costs to school districts, and to study the perceptions of school district central office administrators of the impact of these policies.^ While investigating the status of sabbatical leaves in Pennsylvania school districts, it was necessary to analyze the current School Code, review court cases and arbitration hearings, survey business managers, and survey central office administrators. In analyzing the statutes of the Public School Code of 1949, the sabbatical leave section was reviewed and a listing made of rules and regulations presently in effect.^ The study of court cases and arbitration hearings indicated: districts could pay only half-salary and must provide employee benefits; sick days could not be utilized while on leave; employees must return for one year; new sabbatical leave policies must be bargained; an employee about to be furloughed was still eligible for leave; and split-sabbaticals were legal.^ The average cost of a sabbatical leave during the 1982-83 school year was 47% more than the average teaching salary.^ The majority of the respondents indicated they were opposed to split-sabbatical leaves and favored the one-year return requirement after a leave.^ It was felt that a specific number of credits should be required while on a study sabbatical, with many districts requiring full-time status. Responses were almost equally divided on whether or not study should be restricted to the employee's area of certification or teaching assignment.^ In addressing travel sabbaticals, the majority opinion was that a specific amount of time in travel should be required, with 50% being the most often cited requirement.^ In regard to health sabbaticals, the majority indicated a preference for the policy to remain as presently stated in the Code.^ Administrators also indicated that remuneration should remain at half-salary, and that sabbatical leaves were beneficial to the district and the employee. The survey further indicated that Pennsylvania school districts were almost equally divided on using the School Code only or the School Code together with local policy in addressing sabbatical leaves. ^
PETER MORRIS NISH,
"USE OF SABBATICAL LEAVE POLICY BY PENNSYLVANIA SCHOOL DISTRICTS"
(January 1, 1985).
Dissertations available from ProQuest.