THE ROLE OF THE SCHOOL COUNSELOR IN SEX EDUCATION AND SEX COUNSELING IN ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY SCHOOLS (TRAINING PROGRAMS, ATTITUDES)

JOSEPH JOHN LONGO, University of Pennsylvania

Abstract

A significant amount of literature points to the need for school counselors to be involved in sex education and sex counseling programs in the nation's elementary and secondary schools. This research is designed to determine: (1) the extent to which counselors participate in planning, developing, and teaching sex education programs and/or counsel students with sexual concerns. (2) the extent to which counselor education programs prepare school counselors to deal with the sexual concerns of their clients, and (3) the factors that motivate counselors to become involved in sex counseling and sex education.^ In the first part of the research, two different questionnaires were prepared. The first was sent to approximately 1,000 elementary and secondary school counselors whose names were provided by the American Association for Counseling and Development. This questionnaire, in addition to asking biographical information, explored the respondents' involvement in sex education and sex counseling programs in their work setting. The second questionnaire was sent to approximately 70 chairpersons in graduate programs of counselor education and counseling psychology. Information regarding work offered in human sexuality was solicited.^ Descriptive analyses of the two surveys provided information relevant to determining the extent of counselor involvement in sex education and sex counseling as well as the extent to which counselor education programs are preparing graduates to deal with their clients' sexual concerns. Inferential analyses were used to determine the reasons why counselors become involved in sex counseling and sex education.^ In the second part of the research, a case study was completed on two suburban Philadelphia school districts. The purpose of the case study was to discover variables that may have been missed by the survey.^ Analyses of the results indicated that a large number of counselors were involved in sex education and sex counseling programs, but that few believed they were adequately prepared to function in such a capacity. In addition, while graduate counselor education programs offered courses in human sexuality, few programs required their students to take such courses.^ The case study revealed factors that contribute to the development of a successful sex education program. ^

Subject Area

Education, Guidance and Counseling

Recommended Citation

JOSEPH JOHN LONGO, "THE ROLE OF THE SCHOOL COUNSELOR IN SEX EDUCATION AND SEX COUNSELING IN ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY SCHOOLS (TRAINING PROGRAMS, ATTITUDES)" (January 1, 1984). Dissertations available from ProQuest. Paper AAI8422925.
http://repository.upenn.edu/dissertations/AAI8422925

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