PSYCHOSOCIAL, EDUCATIONAL, AND ECONOMIC PROBLEMS OF IRANIAN STUDENTS IN THE UNITED STATES AND THE EFFECT OF THE IRAN-AMERICA CRISIS ON SELECTED PROBLEMS

MAHMOOD SHAFIEYAN, University of Pennsylvania

Abstract

The present study was designed to investigate the psychosocial, educational and economic problems of the Iranian students in the United States before and after the Iran-America crisis and the effect of the crisis on these Iranian students.^ For this purpose, 180 Iranian students (124 males and 56 females) attending various American colleges were studied. A questionnaire with four subtests, plus a personal data sheet and demographic data sheet, were used in this study. Before administration to the subjects, the Persian form of the questionnaire was judged by a group of Iranian specialists for its content validity. After final modifications (by a pilot study), the instrument was distributed to the subjects. In a preliminary study, the questionnaire was subjected to item analysis, and satisfactory psychometrics were established.^ Replies about educational, psychosocial, and economic problems of Iranian students addressed, and the extent of these problems, before and after the Iran-America crisis, were compared.^ The following four subtests were used: (A) Educational Problems (Subtest 1); (B) Psychological Problems (Subtest 2); (C) Social Problems (Subtest 3); (D) Economic Problems (Subtest 4).^ Comparing the means of each subtest before and after the Iran-America crisis, the results showed statistically significant differences between the two means of each subtest (all p < .01) indicating that the educational, psychological, social and economic problems of Iranian students increased after the crisis.^ Also, comparison was made between students who came to the United States after the Iran-America crisis (after 1979) and those who entered the United States before the crisis. The analysis of variance approach was applied and the average scores on each subtest, which measured the perception of students after the crisis, were compared for the two groups. The result showed that the difference between the two groups was significant (p < .05) only in the subtest concerning educational problems.^ Data coming from clinical interviews confirmed the results of this research and showed that the basic problem for Iranian students after the crisis was economic, and this, in turn, aggravated other problems of non-economic types, especially psychological problems. ^

Subject Area

Education, Guidance and Counseling

Recommended Citation

MAHMOOD SHAFIEYAN, "PSYCHOSOCIAL, EDUCATIONAL, AND ECONOMIC PROBLEMS OF IRANIAN STUDENTS IN THE UNITED STATES AND THE EFFECT OF THE IRAN-AMERICA CRISIS ON SELECTED PROBLEMS" (January 1, 1983). Dissertations available from ProQuest. Paper AAI8316085.
http://repository.upenn.edu/dissertations/AAI8316085

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