CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

The United States and Northern Ireland: International Pressures as an Impetus for Civil Rights Progress

Erin Escoffery , University of Pennsylvania

Division: Social Sciences

Dept/Program: Political Science

Document Type: Undergraduate Student Research

Mentor(s): Rogers Smith

Date of this Version: 29 April 2008

This document has been peer reviewed.

 

Abstract

Although legislative actions and judicial decisions failed to spark the desired civil rights progress in the United States or Northern Ireland, growing international pressures helped to reinforce the respective domestic civil rights movements and served as an impetus for change in both. The United States began implementing new policies regarding racial segregation in response to Cold War politics, while Northern Ireland experienced an expansion of rights due in large part to the United Kingdom’s membership in the European Economic Community and subsequent European Union. Civil rights progress in Northern Ireland also benefited from American encouragement of peace and reconciliation. Thus, the relatively recent increase in interdependence between nations both economically and politically has created a new sense of accountability among states. Domestic repression has become an embarrassment in a global society that touts the benefits of democracy and freedom, and thus states have taken greater care to solve internal problems of inequality.

Suggested Citation

Escoffery , Erin , "The United States and Northern Ireland: International Pressures as an Impetus for Civil Rights Progress" 29 April 2008. CUREJ: College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal, University of Pennsylvania, http://repository.upenn.edu/curej/83.

Date Posted: 06 May 2008

This document has been peer reviewed.

 

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