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We develop a compact and efficient reachability labeling scheme for answering provenance queries on workflow runs that conform to a given specification. Even though a workflow run can be structurally more complex and can be arbitrarily larger than the specification due to fork (parallel) and loop executions, we show that a compact reachability labeling for a run can be efficiently computed using the fact that it originates from a fixed specification. Our labeling scheme is optimal in the sense that it uses labels of logarithmic length, runs in linear time, and answers any reachability query in constant time. Our approach is based on using the reachability labeling for the specification as an effective skeleton for designing the reachability labeling for workflow runs. We also demonstrate empirically the effectiveness of our skeleton-based labeling approach.
Workflow Provenance, Reachability Labeling
Date Posted: 22 December 2011
This document has been peer reviewed.