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We present a cache-based approach to handling the difficult problem of performing visually acceptable texture resampling/filtering while ray-tracing. While many good methods have been proposed to handle the error introduced by the ray-tracing algorithm when sampling in screen space, handling this error in texture space has been less adequately addressed. Our solution is to introduce the Convolution Mask Approximation Module (CMAM). The CMAM locally approximates the convolution region in texture space as a set of overlapping texture triangles by using a texture sample caching system and ray tagging. Since the caching mechanism is hidden within the CMAM, the ray-tracing algorithm itself is unchanged while achieving an adequate level of texture filtering (area sampling as opposed to point sampling/interpolation in texture space). The CMAM is easily adapted to incorporate prefiltering methods such as MIP mapping and summed-area tables as well as direct convolution methods such as elliptical weighted average filtering.
ray-tracing; texture resampling; antialiasing; filtering; convolution; algorithms
Nimeroff, Jeffry S.; Badler, Norman I. ; and Metaxas, Dimitris, "Texture Resampling While Ray-Tracing: Approximating the Convolution Region Using Caching" (1994). Technical Reports (CIS). Paper 243.
Date Posted: 13 July 2007