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We formalize a potentially rich new streaming model, the semi-streaming model, that we believe is necessary for the fruitful study of efficient algorithms for solving problems on massive graphs whose edge sets cannot be stored in memory. In this model, the input graph, G = (V,E), is presented as a stream of edges (in adversarial order), and the storage space of an algorithm is bounded by O(n · polylog n), where n = |V |. We are particularly interested in algorithms that use only one pass over the input, but, for problems where this is provably insufficient, we also look at algorithms using constant or, in some cases, logarithmically many passes. In the course of this general study, we give semi-streaming constant approximation algorithms for the unweighted and weighted matching problems, along with a further algorithm improvement for the bipartite case. We also exhibit log n/ log log n semistreaming approximations to the diameter and the problem of computing the distance between specified vertices in a weighted graph. These are complemented by Ω(log(1−ε) n) lower bounds.
Date Posted: 14 April 2006
This document has been peer reviewed.