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The theory of relational parametricity and its logical relations proof technique are powerful tools for reasoning about information hiding in the polymorphic λ-calculus. We investigate the application of these tools in the security domain by defining a cryptographic λ-calculus -- an extension of the standard simply typed λ-calculus with primitives for encryption, decryption, and key generation -- and introducing logical relations for this calculus that can be used to prove behavioral equivalences between programs that rely on encryption.
We illustrate the framework by encoding some simple security protocols, including the Needham-Schroeder public-key protocol. We give a natural account of the well-known attack on the original protocol and a straightforward proof that the improved variant of the protocol is secure.
Eijiro Sumii and Benjamin C. Pierce, "Logical Relations for Encryption (Extended Abstract)", . June 2001.
Date Posted: 10 September 2005