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The thermodynamic redox properties for a series of ceria–zirconia solid solutions have been measured by determining their oxidation isotherms between 873 and 1073 K. Isotherms were obtained using Coulometric titration and using O2 titration of samples equilibrated in flowing mixtures of H2 and H2O. Samples having the following compositions were studied after calcinations at 973 and 1323 K: CeO2, Ce0.92Zr0.08O2, Ce0.81Zr0.19O2, Ce0.59Zr0.41O2, Ce0.50Zr0.50O2, Ce0.25Zr0.75O2, Ce0.14Zr0.86O2, and ZrO2. While the oxidation enthalpy for CeO2 was between −750 and −800 kJ/mol O2, the oxidation enthalpies for each of the solid solutions were between −500 and −550 kJ/mol O2 and essentially independent of the extent of reduction. The shapes of the isotherms for the solid solutions were affected by the oxidation entropies, which depended strongly on the sample composition and the extent of reduction. With CeO2, Ce0.92Zr0.08O2, and Ce0.14Zr0.86O2, the samples remained single-phase after calcination at 1323 K and the thermodynamic redox properties were unaffected. By contrast, Ce0.59Zr0.41O2 formed two phases following calcination at 1323 K, Ce0.78Zr0.22O2 (71 wt.%) and Ce0.13Zr0.87O2 (29 wt.%); the isotherm changed to that which would be expected for a physical mixture of the two phases. A model is presented which views reduction of the solid solutions in terms of the local atomic structure, with the formation of "pyrochlore-like" clusters causing the increased reducibility of the solid solutions. Some of the changes in reducibility are associated with the number of sites from which oxygen can be removed in order to form pyrochlore-like clusters.
ceria–zirconia, coulometric titration, thermodynamic properties, reduction enthalpy, entropy
Date Posted: 22 August 2007
This document has been peer reviewed.