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This paper reviews recent work on SOFC anode fabrication at the University of Pennsylvania. In this work, anode fabrication is based on the preparation of a porous YSZ matrix, into which electronic and catalytic components are added by impregnation of the appropriate metal salts. First, the methods used to prepare porous YSZ are described, along with a description of the structures that are obtained. Next, it is demonstrated that cell performance is strongly affected by the methods used to impregnate and pretreat ceria that is added to the porous YSZ. Third, the role of carbonaceous deposits within the anode is discussed. These deposits can lead to improved electronic conductivity that results in improved performance. Finally, the effect of precious-metal dopants, added to ceria to improve the catalytic properties of the anode, is discussed. Pd, Pt, and Rh are shown to give large increases in the performance of the cells, particularly in CH4.
Solid-oxide fuel cell, Direct utilization, n-Butane, Methane, Cu, Yttria-stabilized zirconia, Ceria
Date Posted: 06 February 2006
This document has been peer reviewed.