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We describe an algorithm for self-organizing connections from a source array to a target array of neurons that is inspired by neural growth cone guidance. Each source neuron projects a Gaussian pattern of connections to the target layer. Learning modifies the pattern center location. The small number of parameters required to specify connectivity has enabled this algorithm's implementation in a neuromorphic silicon system. We demonstrate that this algorithm can lead to topographic feature maps similar to those observed in the visual cortex, and characterize its operation as function maximization, which connects this approach with other models of cortical map formation.
Gaussian distribution, neural nets, self-organising feature maps, function maximization, guiding connections, learning modified pattern center location, neural growth cone guidance, neuromorphic silicon systems, self-organized cortical map formation, source neuron Gaussian connection pattern, source/target array self-organizing connections, topographic feature maps, visual cortex
Date Posted: 13 July 2009