Departmental Papers (ASC)

Document Type

Journal Article

Date of this Version

3-21-2005

Publication Source

The China Quarterly

Volume

181

Start Page

46

Last Page

66

DOI

10.1017/S0305741005000032

Abstract

Environmental non-governmental organizations are becoming increasingly visible players in China’s environmental politics. Adopting a field perspective, this article shows how the rise of environmental NGOs has taken place in interactions with four institutional fields. They not only respond to political conditions, but also to opportunities offered by the media, the internet, and international NGOs. In this process, organizational entrepreneurs play a crucial role in mobilizing resources while other individuals participate in search of self-fulfillment or social experience. These arguments underscore the multi-institutional dynamics of civil society development without underestimating state-centered and market-centered explanations. In conclusion, the article discusses how environmental NGOs can serve as both sites and agents of democratic social change in China.

Copyright/Permission Statement

© Cambridge University Press, The China Quarterly

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Date Posted: 21 November 2013

This document has been peer reviewed.