Document Type

Book Chapter

Date of this Version

1992

Publication Source

Sociology of Natural Resources in Pakistan and Adjoining Countries

Start Page

430

Last Page

444

Abstract

We have generally become used to the idea that ethnographers are a part of what they study. They live in the community they study and participate in the events and (ideally) in the social and cultural processes which they analyze and interpret. They cannot stand either theoretically or method­ologically outside what they study - even though we do not perhaps all of us always manage to follow through with the implications of this con­dition.

The evolutionary ecologist knows implicitly that his professional ac­tivity, like all other human activity, takes place within the evolutionary process. But this orientation towards his subject matter tends to be very different from that of the ethnographer. Other investigators, and particu­larly economists and development planners, study unequivocally from without - they translate the laboratory-objectivity tradition of Western scientific method into the field. The growing emphasis on popular partic­ipation in development planning and implementation draws attention to these differences of orientation. In this chapter a case from Baluchistan will illustrate the significance of the difference.

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Date Posted: 22 October 2016