Document Type

Journal Article

Date of this Version

10-11-2013

Publication Source

Science

Volume

342

Issue

6155

Start Page

257

Last Page

261

DOI

10.1126/science.1241844

Abstract

The processes that shaped modern European mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variation remain unclear. The initial peopling by Palaeolithic hunter-gatherers ~42,000 years ago and the immigration of Neolithic farmers into Europe ~8000 years ago appear to have played important roles but do not explain present-day mtDNA diversity. We generated mtDNA profiles of 364 individuals from prehistoric cultures in Central Europe to perform a chronological study, spanning the Early Neolithic to the Early Bronze Age (5500 to 1550 calibrated years before the common era). We used this transect through time to identify four marked shifts in genetic composition during the Neolithic period, revealing a key role for Late Neolithic cultures in shaping modern Central European genetic diversity.

Copyright/Permission Statement

The accept version is the paper that was accepted for publication by AAAS, including changes resulting from peer review, but prior to AAAS copyediting.

Comments

Theodore G. Schurr is not listed as an individual author on this paper but is part of the Genographic Consortium. A full list of Genographic Consortium members are listed in the supplementary materials.

Keywords

Palaeolithic, Neolithic, mitochondrial DNA, Central European, genetic diversity

Share

COinS
 

Date Posted: 18 December 2014

This document has been peer reviewed.